Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction
TMJ dysfunction is a disorder of the muscles of mastication (chewing), the temporomandibular (jaw) joints and the associated structures.
Symptoms include pain and muscle spasms in the head, mandible (lower jaw), neck and shoulder muscles; headaches; earaches; clicking noises or deviations (shifting) when the mandible (jaw) moves; limited ability to open the mouth; and dizziness. Causes of TMJ dysfunction include whiplash, bruxism (clenching/grinding), malocclusion (poor alignment), anxiety, stress, trigger points and postural dysfunction.
Massage therapy is a proven form of treatment for TMJ dysfunction and found to be very effective with the use of relaxation massage and trigger point therapy in conjunction with an effective home self-care plan.